Generally speaking, you don’t have to worry too much about purifying water in the home, provided you receive water from the city rather than, say, a private well. Municipal authorities go to great lengths to ensure that the water coming out of your faucets is safe to drink, as you’ve probably noticed if you happen to be sensitive to chlorine. However, in the event of contamination, a natural disaster, or some other occurrence that makes your water undrinkable, you may be interested to know that there are ways to purify your home drinking water to make it safe for consumption, eliminating any bacteria or parasites that could be lurking within. Here are a few methods you may want to try when the safety of your drinking water is called into question.
The first and often easiest method of purifying water is to boil it. Doing so will kill anything living in the water, including bacteria, making it much safer to drink (although naturally, you’ll want to wait until it cools). The only potential problem with this method is that you may not have the means to boil your water. In the event of a disaster situation that leaves your drinking water contaminated, you may also lose access to services like electricity and gas. And if you don’t have a fireplace, fire pit, wood stove, pellet stove, or outdoor grill at your home, or you don’t have access to fuel to burn, you might be out of luck when it comes to boiling your water.
Luckily, there are other options to consider, as well. You can, for example, use water purification tablets or drops, such as iodine, to purify your water. These products can often be found at sporting goods stores as they are commonly used by campers, hikers, and other outdoorsy types that may find themselves relying on natural (and questionable) water sources. Make sure you read and understand the directions before using these methods as they may not be safe for some people (pregnant women, those with thyroid disorders, etc.). You should also be prepared for the fact that your water will taste kind of funny. But they will kill bacteria in your water.
Another option that’s great for home use is a water filtration system or a water purification pump of some sort. This type of equipment can generally be found at home goods or home improvement stores and you’ll find a variety of models, from those that pump dirty water in and clean water out to those that simply filter your water as you pour it into a receptacle like a bottle or pitcher. You can also try an ultraviolet pen purifier that you place in the water, using ultraviolet rays to kill bacteria within. Or if you’re really gung-ho, you might want to check out the residential reverse osmosis systems engineered by a company like AMPAC USA. The point is that you should probably take steps to ensure that you can create safe drinking water should the need arise. You’ll be happy you planned ahead when a disaster scenario strikes.